jueves, 10 de diciembre de 2009

Linking words, addition, contrast,cause, condition/ Conectores...

Positive addition
and, both...and,too, besides(this/that), moreover, what is more, in addition(to), also, as well as (this/that), furthermore, etc

She was both rude and unhelpful.

Negative addition
Neither(... nor), nor, neither, either, etc.

Neither Rolando nor Alfonso bought a car today.

Contrast
The car is old but reliable.

Note structures
although + clause
Although it was raining , he left.


despite/ in spite of + noun
Despite the rain, he left.


despite/ in spite of the fact + clause

In spite of the fact that it was raining , he left.


Giving examples

such as, like,for instance, especially, in particular, etc

The food was delicious, specially the steak. It was excellent.

Cause / Reason

as, because of, since, for this reason, due to, as a result (of), etc

He switched on the Tv because he wanted to watch the news.

Condition
if, whether, only if, in case, providing(that), unless, as/ so long as, otherwise, or (else), on condition(that) , etc

She agreed to lend her the money provided that she pain him back as soon as possible.

Purpose
to, so that, so as(not) to, in order that, in case, etc
Rob caught the early train so that he would be there on time.


Effect / Result
such/so...that, so, consequently, as a result, therefore, for this reason, etc.
She was bored so she decided to go for a walk.

Time
Jhon said that he would call us as soon as he finished.

Exception
Everybody was there except for Janet who was going to meet us later.