jueves, 15 de diciembre de 2011

Actividades escolares / Schoolar activities

En la siguiente  pàgina hay actividades escolares

Y esta tabla es mia , se las comparto

jueves, 1 de diciembre de 2011

Adjectives with suffix -ed are followed by the preposition.../ Los adjetivos con sufijo -ed van seguidos de la preposiciòn...
The -ed ending modifiers are often accompanied by prepositions (these are not the only choices):
We were amazed at all the circus animals.
We were amused by the clowns.
We were annoyed by the elephants.
We were bored by the ringmaster.
We were confused by the noise.
We were disappointed by the motorcycle daredevils.
We were disappointed in their performance.
We were embarrassed by my brother.
We were exhausted from all the excitement.
We were excited by the lion-tamer.
We were excited about the high-wire act, too.
We were frightened by the lions.
We were introduced to the ringmaster.
We were interested in the tent.
We were irritated by the heat.
We were opposed to leaving early.
We were satisfied with the circus.
We were shocked at the level of noise under the big tent.
We were surprised by the fans' response.
We were surprised at their indifference.
We were tired of all the lights after a while.
We were worried about the traffic leaving the parking lot.

miércoles, 23 de noviembre de 2011

La igualdad en inglès from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

¿cuàl es el modelo de igualdad?
a) more than
b) -er than
c) the most

Para que estés seguro de tu respuesta observa cuatro formas para hablar de igualdad:

1) La primera es el modelo: as + adjective + as


Sandra is as pretty as Nancy.

1 2 3

Ahora te toca a ti, ordena las siguientes palabras para completar la frase:

He is not he looks.

He is not as stupid as he looks. as… white

You went a sheet when you saw the ghost.

You went as white as a sheet when you saw the ghost.… as.. optimistic

Oliver is Erick.

Oliver is as optimistic as Erick.

4. old.. as… as

Genaro looks her mother.

Genaro looks as old as her mother.

2) La segunda es el modelo: as + adverb + as


My car is as slowly as hers.

1 2 3

Ahora acomoda estos segmentos y forma oraciones: slowly

He doesn’t speak my grandmother.

He doesn’t speak as slowly as my grandmother.…as… quickly

He came he could.

He came as quicly as he could.…as…slowly

She spoke she could.

She spoke as slowly as she could.

4. fast …as… as

the blue car is the red car.

The blue car is as fast as the red car.

3) La tercera forma es es el modelo: as + much +uncountable noun + as


He drinks as much coffee as Phil does.

1 2 3 4

Ahora ordena las siguientes oraciones:

wine…as… as …much

I don`t drink you do.

R=I don`t drink as much wine as you do.

food… as… as…much

Juana eats Pedro.

R=Juana eats as much food as Pedro.

Luisa much news as…Ana has heard

Ana has heard Pedro.

R=Ana has heard as much news as Luisa has.

successful…as …as…much

Enrique has had her sister has.

R=Enrique has had as much successful as her sister has.

4) La cuarta forma es es el modelo: as + many + countable noun + as


They have as many lemons as we do.

1 2 3 4

Ahora practica, acomoda las siguientes oraciones:

as… as… children… many

Your uncle has my sister has.

R=Your uncle has as many children as my sister has.

customers…as …many…as

I have you.

R=I have as many customers as you.

people…as… as…many

She knows I do.

R=She knows as many people as I do.

shoes… as…as…many

I have you have

R=I have as many shoes as you have.

Has aprendido cuatro modelos para hablar de igualdad.

Escucha la siguiente canción:

¿A que modelo corresponde la frase de la canción: As long as you love me?

a) El modelo: as + adjective + as

b) El modelo: as + adverb + as

c) El modelo: as + much +uncountable noun + as

d) El modelo: as + many + countable noun + as

Si te ha costado te dirè que “long” es un adjetivo.

lunes, 21 de noviembre de 2011


superlatives from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

¿Cómo se formula el adjetivo de grado superlativo?

R= Debes seguir las mismas reglas que para el grado comparativo, lo único que cambia el sufijo, el sufijo debes usar en este caso es el siguiente: –est, y tienes que colocar the antes del superlativo.
a) Adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan en “consonante”
(cheap, clean, dark, light, long, neat, plain, short, slow, small, sweet)
Aagregar –est al adjetivo: cheap +est = cheapest
Long- longest
This is the longest river in the world.
b) Adjetivos de una sílaba formados por:
consonante(c ) + vocal(v)+ consonante (c)
( big, thin, fat, hot )
Repite la consonante final y añade -est.
Big+ g + est = Biggest
Hot hottest
This is the hottest day in the year.
c) Adjetivos de dos sílabas que terminan con “y”
(Happy, crazy, funny, lonely, lovely, lazy, noisy)
Elimina la “y”, y añade iest: pretty – y = prett + iest= prettiest
Juana is the prettiest girl in town.
Easy-the easiest
This was the easiest exam in this week.
Alfonso is the nicest teacher I have ever had.
e) Adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan en “e”
(nice, fine, loose)
Añade –r al adjetivo:
nice+ st= nicest
Alfonso is the nicest teacher I have ever had.
Nice- the nicest
f) Adjetivos de tres sílabas o más
Coloque “the most” antes del adjetivo
You are the most intelligent man in my city.
(capable, careful, decent, difficult, expensive, famous, important, jealous, modest, patient, popular, ridiculous, wonderful)
The most expensive
You are the most intelligent man in the city.
g) Algunos adjetivos irregulares
(bad, good, many, little, far)
Convierta el adjetivo al superlativo así:
Bad en worst, good en the best, many en the most, little en the least, far en furthest o farthest
y a old en oldest o eldest
a)oldest se usa para lugares
b)eldest se usa para personas
Sebastian is the eldest uncle in my alive family.
Good –the best
b) Para hacer la forma negativa del superlativo: coloca the least antes del adjetivo
This hotel is the least cheap in the city.
¡Ahora vas a practicar¡
Instrucción para el alumno: Añade –est a la palabra entre paréntesis y coloca el articulo “the” antes del sustantivo.Ejemplo:
My room is very dark, the living room is darker than my room but the kitchen is (dark) the darkest place in my house.
1) Aida is short, Sandra is shorter than Aida but Lucy is (short) the shortest of all.
2) This hotel is (cheap) the cheapest of all in the city.
3) It was (happy) the happiest day of my life.
4) Everest is (high) the highest mountain in the world.
Instrucción para el alumno: Añade the most antes de los adjetivos de tres sílabas
1) I had a great holiday. It was one of (enjoyable) the most enjoyable holidays I’ve ever had.
2) I prefer this chair to the other one. It`s (comfortable) the most comfortable chair in the classroom.
3) What is (popular) the most popular sport in your country?
Instrucción para el alumno: Añade el artículo” the” mas la forma irregular del adjetivo, best, worst, farthest.
1) This is (good) the best coffee I`ve ever tried.
2) It was an awful day. It was (bad) the worst day of my life.
3) Peter saw Guillermina in China (far) the farthest place he never thought to find her.



comparative & superlative from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

comparatives from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

En inglés para hacer comparaciones debes plantearte las siguientes preguntas:
¿El adjetivo a comparar es de una silaba? En caso de ser así ¿termina en vocal, consonante, en vocal seguida de una consonante?

¿Qué haces si el adjetivo a comparar es de dos sílabas o más?

¿Como se hacen las comparaciones negativas y como se estructuran?

Observa las respuestas:

1 ¿Cómo formar el comparativo de palabras de una silaba que terminan en consonante?

Ejemplos de adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan en “consonante”

cheap, clean, dark, light, long, neat, plain, short, slow, small, sweet

a) Como primer paso debes agregar –er al adjetivo: cheap +er = cheaper

b) En segundo lugar debes colocar than después del adjetivo: This toy is cheaper than yours.

c) Para la negación tienes que colocar not as antes del adjetivo: This toy is not as cheap as yours.

¡Ahora vas a practicar¡

Instrucción para el alumno: Añade –er a la palabra entre paréntesis

Manuel is a short man but his brother is (short) shorter than him, but his father is not as short as him.

My room is very dark but the living room is (dark) darker than the Monster’s house.

Instrucción para el usuario: Añade than después del adjetivo

This computer is slower than a turtle I need a faster one.

My dessert is sweeter than I expected, I don’t want it.

Instrucción para el usuario: En la negación use not as antes del adjetivo

This office is darker than my bedroom, but your office is not as dark as this one.

Your desk is very clean but his desk is not as clean as yours.

2 ¿Cómo formar el comparativo con adjetivos de una silaba que terminan en “e”?

Ejemplos de adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan con “e”

nice, fine, loose

Sigue los pasos a continuación:

a) Añade –r, al adjetivo: nice + er= nicer

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: This day is nicer than yesterday.

b) Para formar la negación escribe not as antes del adjetivo: This day is not as nice as yesterday.

Es necesario que practiques, haz lo que se te indica

Instrucción para el usuario: Transforma el adjetivo al grado comparativo

My boss is (nice) nicer than yours.

This old dress is (loose) looser than the new one.

This wine is (fine) finer than the one we drank yesterday.

Instrucción para el usuario: Añade than después del adjetivo

The seller was nicer than usual, I was surprised.

These new jeans are finer than yours.

I need some clothes looser than the ones I have.

Instrucción para el usuario: Coloca la negación not as antes del adjetivo

My new dress is not as loose as Patty’s.

You are not as nice as Robert.

My wine is not as fine as yours.

3) ¿Cómo formar el comparativo de adjetivos de una silaba que se forman con consonante + vocal + consonante?

Adjetivos de una sílaba formados por:

consonante(c ) + vocal(v)+ consonante (c)

big, thin, fat, hot

cvc, cvc, cvc, cvc

Sigue los pasos a continuación:

A) Repite la consonante final y añada -er. Big+ g + er = Bigger

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: Bigger than

c) En la comparación negativa coloca not as antes del adjetivo

¡Ahora te toca practicar!

Instrucción para el alumno: Repite la consonante y agrega –er al adjetivo entre paréntesis.

Javier is a big guy, but Daniel is (big) bigger than him. I am thin but my sister is (thin) thinner than me. My boyfriend is fat but his father is (fat) fatter than him. I am here thinking is all these crazy things it could be, because of the weather, today is (hot)hotter than yesterday and my brain works better when it is quite warm, I hope the winter doesn’t arrive, if it arrives my brain will sleep.
Instrucción para el usuario: Para la forma negativa agrega not as, antes del adjetivo
Sandra is bigger than Dora, but Dora is not as big as her mother.
You are not as fast as me.
Fortín de las Flores is not as hot as Tierra Blanca.

4) ¿Cómo formar el comparativo de adjetivos de dos silabas que terminan en –y?

Adjetivos de dos sílabas que terminan con “y”

happy, crazy, funny, lonely, lovely, lazy, noisy
Para que lo logres debes hacer lo siguiente:

a) Elimina la “y”, y añade ier: pretty – y = prett + ier = prettier

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: prettier than

c) Para una comparación negativa, escribe “not as” antes del adjetivo: She is not as pretty as me.

Ahora vas a practicar, has lo que se te pide.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Quita la -y de las siguientes palabras y agrega –ier para formar el adjetivo.

I have met a crazy guy in the bus station. He has a brother (crazy) crazier than him and both were noisier than an stadium. He is (funny) funnier than a clown, he made me laugh a lot. He asked me why I felt (lone)lonelier than a homeless , and I said that I had lost my best friend in a car accident, then he hold me in his arms , and thought that he is (lovely) lovelier than other people around.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Agrega not as antes del adjetivo para formar la negación

I am not as happy as you.

He is not as lovely as you.

My sister is not as lovely as my brother.

Students in the countriysides are not as lazy as in the city.

5¿Cómo formar el comparativo de adjetivos de dos silabas que son caso especiales?

Adjetivos de dos sílabas y que son casos especiales:

able, cruel, gente, narrow, quiet, simple
Sigue los pasos a continuación:

a) Añadae –er : able +er = crueler

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: crueler than

b) En la negación escribe not as antes del adjetivo: He is not as cruel as you are.
Instrucciones para el usuario:

Convierte los adjetivos entre paréntesis al grado comparativo.
A hard man
There was a man in a little town, he was (cruel) crueler than a dictator. He wanted that everybody was unconditional to his negative ideas, he loved destroying people´s reputation indeed he loved lies war and ambition. The streets near his house were (narrow) narrower than streets in downtown and when he walked near his house it became (quiet) quieter than a cemetery, nobody wanted to see him. And one day, suddenly he wanted to change his mind because everybody refused him then he tried to be (gentle) gentler than before he also thought that it was neccesary to scape before justice arrive, but it was late, people put him a jail.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Agrega not as antes del adjetivo para formar la negación.
Monserrat likes hurt animals but Luisa is not as cruel as she is, Luisa loves them.
Luisa is not as quiet as his boyfriend who doesn`t say a word when people hurts dogs or cats. She likes taking care of living beings, his boyfriend is not as gentle as she wanted he was.
6 ¿Cómo formar el grado comparativo en adjetivos de dos, tres silabas o más que nos son casos especiales?

Adjetivos de tres sílabas o más
capable, careful, decent, difficult, expensive, famous, important, jealous, modest, patient, popular, ridiculous, wonderful
Debes hacer lo siguiente:
a) Utiliza el modelo: more +adjetivo + than

This house is more expensive than mine.

b) En una comparación negativa use not as “o” less antes del adjetivo:

not as + adjetivo + as

This house is not as expensive as mine.

less+ adjetivo+ than

This house is less expensive than mine.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Coloca more y than en los espacios en blanco, primero more y luego than para que aprendas la estructura.

My doctor is more patient than his partners.

Mary’s new car is more expensive than mine.

Coatepec is more famous than Xico.

Your boyfriend is more jealous than mine.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Coloque “not as” antes del adjetivo

Paquita la del barrio is not as popular as Gloria Trevi

Xico is not as important as Xalapa.

Ahora coloca “ less” en los espacios en blanco

My doctor is less patient than his partners.

This exam is less difficult than the last one.

7¿Como formar el grado comparativo para los adjetivos que tienen formas irregulares?
Adjetivos que tienen formas irregulares
bad, good, little, many
Pasos que debes seguir:

a) Convierte a bad en worse, a good en better,a little en less, many en more y enseguida agrega than

b) Para formar la negación de estos adjetivos utiliza para bad su negación es: not as bad, en good= not as good, en many= not as many , en little la negación es not as much.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Coloca worse,better, many, less y not as para formar la negación.

Sara thinks that cleaning a house is bad for his health.

She thinks that cleaning a hospital is worse than working at home.

She thinks that taking care of children is not as bad as working in a school.

My husband loves baking good cakes.

My mother´s cake is better than the ones he prepares.

The cakes I prepare are not as good as my husband’s.

Luis is a dreamer, he has many books of poetry in his desk.

Lidia has more books of poetry than Luis.

But I have not as many books of poetry as Lidia and Luis.
Hector likes little sugar in his coffee.

Fernando likes less sugar in his coffee than Hector.

I like not as much sugar as they do.

Ejercicios que pueden realizar , les comparto una página que encontré en la red donde practicar este tema:

miércoles, 9 de noviembre de 2011


Subido por ESLToronto en 19/12/2007 for more

Schoolhouse Rock - Grammar Rock

Unpack Your Adjectives

Music & Lyrics: George R. Newall

Sung by: Blossom Dearie

Animation: Phil Kimmelman and Associates

Got home from camping last spring.

Saw people, places and things.

We barely had arrived,

Friends asked us to describe

The people, places and every last thing.

So we unpacked our adjectives.

I unpacked "frustrating" first.

Reached in and found the word "worst".

Then I picked "soggy" and

Next I picked "foggy" and

Then I was ready to tell them my tale.

'Cause I'd unpacked my adjectives.

Adjectives are words you use to really describe things,

Handy words to carry around.

Days are sunny or they're rainy

Boys are dumb or else they're brainy

Adjectives can show you which way.

Adjectives are often used to help us compare things,

To say how thin, how fat, how short, how tall.

Girls who are tall can get taller,

Boys who are small can get smaller,

Till one is the tallest

And the other's the smallest of all.

We hiked along without care.

Then we ran into a bear.

He was a hairy bear,

He was a scary bear,

We beat a hasty retreat from his lair.

And described him with adjectives.

}} {Whoah! Boy, that was one big, ugly bear!}

{You can even make adjectives out of the other parts of speech, like

verbs or nouns. All you have to do is tack on an ending, like "ic"

or "ish" or "ary". For example, this boy can grow up to be a huge

man, but still have a boyish face. "Boy" is a noun, but the ending

"ish" makes it an adjective. "Boyish": that describes the huge

man's face. Get it?}

Next time you go on a trip,

Remember this little tip:

The minute you get back,

They'll ask you this and that,

You can describe people, places and things...

Simply unpack your adjectives.

You can do it with adjectives.

Tell them 'bout it with adjectives.

You can shout it with adjectives.






Licencia estándar de YouTube

Como formar adjetivosTransforma los siguientes verbos en adjetivos

-ABLE able, can do capaz de, poder hacer

Example: agree = agreeable

expand ____expandable

laugh ______ laughable

-IBLE able, can do capaz de, poder hacer

Example: access = accessible

sense ____sensible

flex _____flexible

-ANT performing agent que tiene la función de

Example: please = pleasant

ignore ____ ignorant

resist _____ resistant

-ENT performing agent que tiene la función de

Example: excel = excellent

depend _____ dependent

differ ______ different

-IVE causing effect que causa el efecto de

Example: attract = attractive

create ____ creative

select _____selective

-ING causing effect que causa el efecto de

Example: amuse= amusing

excite _____ exciting

surprise ______surprising

-ED receiving effect que recibe el efecto de

Example: amuse = amused

excite ______ excited

surprise _____surprised

Transforma los siguientes sustantivos en adjetivos

-AL relating to relacionado con

Examples: accident = accidental, brute = brutal

region _____regional

universe _____universal

person ______ personal

-ARY relating to quality or place relacionado a la cualidad o al lugar

Example: moment = momentary

honor ____ honorary

diet ______ dietary

-FUL full of lleno de

Example: beauty = beautiful, awe = awful

wonder _____ wonderful

skill _____ skillful

success _____successful

-IC having the nature of; caused by que tiene la naturaleza de ;causado por

Examples: athlete = athletic, base= basic, history = historic

photograph _______photographic

science ________ scientific

-ICAL having the nature of que tiene la naturaleza de

Examples: logic = logical, practice = practical

magic ____magical

history _____historical

statistic ____statistical

-ISH origin, nature origen, naturaleza

Example: fool = foolish

child ___ childish

self ____ selfish

-LESS without sin

Example: power = powerless

friend ____ friendless

home ____ homeless

-LIKE like parecido a ,similar a

Example: lady = ladylike

child ____ childlike

bird ___ birdlike

-LY like parecido a ,similar a

Example: day = daily

friend ____ friendly

month ____ monthly

-OUS quality, nature de calidad, de naturaleza

Example: danger = dangerous, victory = victorious

nerve _____ nervous

mystery_____ mysterious

-Y like que tiene la cualidad de, o una cualidad parecida a

Example: rain = rainy, fun= funny

dirt ___dirty

mess ____messy



1.- Se forman al romper la doble consonante dentro de una palabra
lit-tle, pret-ty

2.- Se debe aplicar la regla para adjetivos monosìlabos cuando se añade un sufijo
fun--una sìlaba

3.- Hay que aplicar la regla de las monosílabas cuando se añada el sufijo -er/ -est a los adjetivos monosilabos

small-er/small-est ( doble consonante--ll--)

clean-er/ clean-est(diptongo--ea--)

My house is big-ger than yours.........My school is the big-gest.

4.- Los prefijos forman una sìlaba
in..(.de significado opuesto ) innumerable
in..(como parte de una acciòn) insurance
un..(de significado opuesto) uncomfortable/unfair

5.-Sufijos que forman una sìlaba.
-y.. hair-y, cloud-y ---abundante en...hairy de cabello abundante, cloudy nublado(dià con nubes abundantes)
 sufijos en español :-oso/osa/udo/ado--- baboso, testarudo, alocado.

-ous...dangerous(peligroso), -ous que se caracteriza por
terminaciones en español-oso, osa

-ful...wonderful(maravilloso), -ful lleno de
sufijos es español: oso, osa

-ly... friendly(amigable)  -ly cualidad de
sufijos en español-oso, osa,able

-ing...interesting (interesante) -ing cualidad de
sufijos en español -ante

-en...golden(dorado) -en, los adjetivos que finalizan con -en, denotan sustancia, o apariencia
sufijos en español -ado, ada

6.- Algunas reglas ùtiles

a) si la palabra terminan en doble consonante, añada -er

    small + er = smaller

b) si la palaba termina en -e, añada una -r.

    close + r = closer
    nice + r = nicer

c) si la palabra termina en -y, y esta antecede a una consonante, cambie la -y, por una-i y añada-er.

    pretty = prett - yi + er = prettier

sábado, 15 de octubre de 2011

Steve Jobs' 2005 Stanford Commencement Address

Stanford Report, June 14, 2005
'You've got to find what you love,' Jobs says
This is a prepared text of the Commencement address delivered by Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer and of Pixar Animation Studios, on June 12, 2005.

Video of the Commencement address.
I am honored to be with you today at your commencement from one of the finest universities in the world. I never graduated from college. Truth be told, this is the closest I've ever gotten to a college graduation. Today I want to tell you three stories from my life. That's it. No big deal. Just three stories.

The first story is about connecting the dots.

I dropped out of Reed College after the first 6 months, but then stayed around as a drop-in for another 18 months or so before I really quit. So why did I drop out?

It started before I was born. My biological mother was a young, unwed college graduate student, and she decided to put me up for adoption. She felt very strongly that I should be adopted by college graduates, so everything was all set for me to be adopted at birth by a lawyer and his wife. Except that when I popped out they decided at the last minute that they really wanted a girl. So my parents, who were on a waiting list, got a call in the middle of the night asking: "We have an unexpected baby boy; do you want him?" They said: "Of course." My biological mother later found out that my mother had never graduated from college and that my father had never graduated from high school. She refused to sign the final adoption papers. She only relented a few months later when my parents promised that I would someday go to college.

And 17 years later I did go to college. But I naively chose a college that was almost as expensive as Stanford, and all of my working-class parents' savings were being spent on my college tuition. After six months, I couldn't see the value in it. I had no idea what I wanted to do with my life and no idea how college was going to help me figure it out. And here I was spending all of the money my parents had saved their entire life. So I decided to drop out and trust that it would all work out OK. It was pretty scary at the time, but looking back it was one of the best decisions I ever made. The minute I dropped out I could stop taking the required classes that didn't interest me, and begin dropping in on the ones that looked interesting.

It wasn't all romantic. I didn't have a dorm room, so I slept on the floor in friends' rooms, I returned coke bottles for the 5¢ deposits to buy food with, and I would walk the 7 miles across town every Sunday night to get one good meal a week at the Hare Krishna temple. I loved it. And much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on. Let me give you one example:

Reed College at that time offered perhaps the best calligraphy instruction in the country. Throughout the campus every poster, every label on every drawer, was beautifully hand calligraphed. Because I had dropped out and didn't have to take the normal classes, I decided to take a calligraphy class to learn how to do this. I learned about serif and san serif typefaces, about varying the amount of space between different letter combinations, about what makes great typography great. It was beautiful, historical, artistically subtle in a way that science can't capture, and I found it fascinating.

None of this had even a hope of any practical application in my life. But ten years later, when we were designing the first Macintosh computer, it all came back to me. And we designed it all into the Mac. It was the first computer with beautiful typography. If I had never dropped in on that single course in college, the Mac would have never had multiple typefaces or proportionally spaced fonts. And since Windows just copied the Mac, it's likely that no personal computer would have them. If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on this calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.

Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something — your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. This approach has never let me down, and it has made all the difference in my life.

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didn't know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didn't see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apple's current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking. Don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Don't settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday you'll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that I'll be dead soon is the most important tool I've ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didn't even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctor's code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought you'd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and I'm fine now.

This was the closest I've been to facing death, and I hope it's the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven don't want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960's, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much.
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Related To This Story
Steve Jobs' 2005 Stanford Commencement Address
2005 Stanford Commencement coverage


miércoles, 21 de septiembre de 2011

jueves, 8 de septiembre de 2011, less...than

ron isn´t as old as he looks.
(he looks older than he is)
the town centre wasn´t as crowded as usual
it is usually more crowded
jenny didn´t do as well in the exam as she had hoped.
she had hoped to do better
the weather is better today.
it´s not as cold
yesterday was colderno,
not as much as thati don´t know as many people as you do
you know more people
how much did it cost?thirty dollars?
less than fifty pounds

no,not as much as that

it´s not warm, but it isn´t so cold as yesterday

i spent less money than you
i didn´t spend as much money as you
the city centre was less crowded than usual
it wasn´t as crowded as usual. se usa con una connotación positiva en oraciones y expresiones afirmativas
I am sorry I´m late.I got here  as fast as I could.
there´s plenty of food. You can have as much as you want.
let´s´s just  as quick as taking the bus.
can you send me the money as soon as possible,please?
twice,three times
petrol is twice as expensive as it was a few years ago
their house is about three times as big as ours.

the same as
laura´s salary is the same as mine
laura gets the same salary as me.
david is the same age as james
what would you like to drink? i´ll have the same as you.

than me/ than I am

you´re taller than I am
you´re taller than me

he is not as cleaver as she is.
they have more money than we have
they have more money than us.
I can´t run as fast as he can.
I can´t run as fast as he can
I can´t run as fast as he can.
I can´t run  as fast as him.

martes, 23 de agosto de 2011

Vocabulary of an office / Vocabulario de una oficina

Pàgina con vocabulario
Pàgina con ejercicio de esta vocabulario, es largo el ejrcicio
En este enlace se aprende como se debe llenar el sobre de una carta

martes, 9 de agosto de 2011

Ejercicios on line de : adjectives vs adverbs,the article,some and any,if-sentences,tenses

Este enlace tiene ejercicios diversos,son utilizados para enseñar inglès a personan que hablan alemàn , sin embargo es muy util porque la parte teòrica la explican en inglès

miércoles, 3 de agosto de 2011

Map of Europe's countries with names and pronunciation / Mapa de países de Europa con nombres y pronunciación
Mapa de Europa con nombres de sus paìses y pronunciacion en inglès
Mapa de Europa con nombres de capitales y pronunciacion en inglès

Map of Oceania with countries'pronunciation / Mapa interactivo de oceania con pronunciación de países
Mapa de Oceania con nombres y pronunciacion en inglès
Mapa con capitales de paises de Oceania con pronunciaciòn en ingles

Map of Africa with names and pronunciation / Mapa interactivo de Africa con nombres y pronunciación
Mapa de Africa con nombres de sus paises y pronunciación
Mapa de Africa con nombres de paises y capitales con audio

Map of Asia with countries and capital's pronunciation/ Mapa interactivo de Asia con países y pronunciación de sus capitales.

En este link estàn las capitales sobre un mapa y la pronunciacion y escritura en inglès

En este link estàn los nombres de los países sobre un mapa y la pronunciacion y escritura en inglès
Geografia de las regiones de asia

miércoles, 1 de junio de 2011

Un cuento con audio en inglès y traducciòn al español, "The selfish Giant"El gigante egoista">

lunes, 16 de mayo de 2011

Ain't “incorrect” usage?/ Ain't "uso erroneo?
it's “nonstandard,” “slang,” “colloquial,” or “informal.”

Ain't= am not,are not,is not
Es una contraccion de are not, y con frecuencia se usa para representar a  am not o  is not
En inglès la consideran una palabra vulgar, informal pero en el link de arriba se nos habla de su origen:

y de ahi una reflexiòn respecto a lo correcto o no.

viernes, 6 de mayo de 2011

Present simple uses/ Usos del presente simple

a)Daily routines, repeated and habitual actions/Rutinas diarias, acciones habituales y repetitivas
Tom goes to the gym twice a week. / Tom va al gimnasio dos veces por semana
Luis plays base-ball once a week. / Luis juega beis bol una vez a la semana.

b) Permanent states /Estados permanents

Lindy works for university in Kansas city. /Lindy trabaja para la Universidad.
Tom works for a construccion company./Tom Trabaja para una constructora

c)General truths and laws of nature / Para expresar hechos ,verdades generales y leyes de la naturaleza

The water boils at 70 degrees centigrades./ El agua hierve a 70 grados cestigrados.

The sun sets in the west./ El sol se oculta por el este.

d) For timetables and programmes /Para expresar horarios y programas(como el programa de un espectáculo teatral).

The play starts in ten minutes./ La obra inicia en diez minutos.
The first flight to London leaves at 10 am. /El primer vuelo a Londres sale a las 10 am.
My mother`s birthday is on Sunday. / El cumpleaños de mi mamà es el domingo.

e) For sporting commentaries, reviews(crìticas de libros o de obras de teatro ) and narration/ Para comentarios deportivos, criticas y narraciones

Bartold intercepts and passes it to Humbert. / Bartold lo intercepta y se lo pasa a Humbert.

f)Action in the present taking place once, never or several times/ Para expresar acciones que ocurren en presente que ocurren una vez, o que nunca pasan o que se dan en varias ocasiones.

You never arrive on time / Nunca llegas a tiempo
I seldom go to the zoo / Rara vez voy al zoològico.
Francis occasionally drinks coffee / Francis ocasionalmente toma cafè.

g) Actions in the present taking place one after another/ Para expresar acciones en presente que se dan ,una despues de otra, en secuencia.

Anne has a shower,brushes her teeth and combs her hair./ Anne se baña, se lava los dientes y se peina.
Luis has breakfast and then he goes into the bathroom./ Luis desayuna,y entonces va al baño.

h)Verbs expressing states, possession, senses, emotions and mental activity / Verbos que expresan estados, posesiòn,sensaciones, emociones y actividad mental

I like sodas./ Me gustan los refrescos.
My boyfriend loves garlic. / A mi novio le gusta el ajo.
We don`t think that this is right. / No pensamos que esto es correcto.
What does it mean? / ¿Què significa esto?

En esta pàgina hay ejercicios de cada uno de los usos y mas ejemplos

UPSTREAM Intermediate B2 Workbook Student’s

Virginia Evans-Jenny Dooley Express Publishing Third Impression 2006

miércoles, 13 de abril de 2011

EXCEPTIONS TO USING THE DEFINITE ARTICLE "the"/ Excepciones para en el uso del articulo indefinido "the"


There is no article:/ En estos casos no se usa el articulo "the"

•with names of countries (if singular) / con los nombres de los paìses

Germany is an important economic power.

He's just returned from Zimbabwe.

(But: I'm visiting the United States next week.)

•with the names of languages / Con los nombres de las lenguas o lenguajes

French is spoken in Tahiti.

English uses many words of Latin origin.

Indonesian is a relatively new language.

•with the names of meals./ Con los nombres de las comidas

Lunch is at midday.

Dinner is in the evening.

Breakfast is the first meal of the day.

•with people's names (if singular):/ Con los nombres de la gente en singular

John's coming to the party.

George King is my uncle.

(But: we're having lunch with the Morgans tomorrow.)

•with titles and names:/ Con los titulos y nombres

Prince Charles is Queen Elizabeth's son.

President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas.

Dr. Watson was Sherlock Holmes' friend.

(But: the Queen of England, the Pope.)

•After the 's possessive case:/ Despuès del caso del genitivo sajòn

His brother's car.

Peter's house.

•with professions:/ Con las profesiones

Engineering is a useful career.

He'll probably go into medicine.

•with names of shops:/ Con los nombres de las tiendas o comercios

I'll get the card at Smith's.

Can you go to Boots for me?

•with years:/ Con los años

1948 was a wonderful year.

Do you remember 1995?

•With uncountable nouns:/ Con los sustantivos no contables

Rice is the main food in Asia.

Milk is often added to tea in England.

War is destructive.

•with the names of individual mountains, lakes and islands:/ Con los nombres de las montañas, lagos e islas.

Mount McKinley is the highest mountain in Alaska.

She lives near Lake Windermere.

Have you visited Long Island?

•with most names of towns, streets, stations and airports:/ Con la mayoria de los nombres de pueblos,calles, estaciones y aeropuertos.

Victoria Station is in the centre of London.

Can you direct me to Bond Street?

She lives in Florence.

They're flying from Heathrow.

•in some fixed expressions, for example:/ en algunas expresiones fijas, por ejemplo:
by car

by train

by air

on foot

on holiday

on air (in broadcasting)

at school

at work

at University

in church

in prison

in bed

miércoles, 23 de marzo de 2011

Illegal Interview Questions in English(in a job) / Preguntas ilegales en una entrevista en ingles(en el trabajo)

Illegal Interview Questions /Preguntas ilegales en una entrevista

Employers should not ask about any of the following, because to not hire a candidate because of any one of them is discriminatory: / Durante una entrevista de trabajo se considera discriminante e ilegal hacer preguntas respecto a :

•Race / Raza

•Color / Color

•Sex / Sexo

•Religion / Religión

•National origin / Nacionalidad

•Birthplace / Lugar de nacimiento

•Age / Edad

•Disability / Incapacidad

•Marital/family status  / Estado civil / Status familiar
Giving personal information

lunes, 14 de marzo de 2011

Impersonal pronouns
Indefinite pronouns words: someone, something, no one, nothing, anything, and anyone.
-Gerunds words: snoring, crying, screaming, ringing, knocking, banging etc.
How to play.

It’s about 4 kilometers.


It’s Saturday.

It’s 7 o’clock.


It’s raining.


It`s minus 19 degrees celcius.


It’s very quiet here.


It´s good to know that you are alive.

Introductory or preparatory subject .

martes, 22 de febrero de 2011

Body/ El cuerpo


Tipos de barba

Ejercicio interactivo interactivo: partes del cuerpo

Guess who? Ejercicio interactivo, se trata de señalar o dar un clic sobre el personaje que describe cada oración.

Da un clic aquí: Guess who

Partes del cuerpo

Imagen tomada de

Forma de labios

El rostro

Tipo de ojos

Tipo de cuerpo

Tipos de rostro

Tipos de rizos
Largos de cabello

Partes del cuerpo/ Body
The words below are some of the most important used when talking about People and Physical Characteristics.

Vocabulario para describir personas de acuerdo a su edad





young man / woman


middle-aged (man / woman)

elderly (man / woman)


early mid late



thirty something

En este enlace se encuentran algunos datos sobre que edades comprende cada etapa.

People and Physical Characteristics - Build
Complexion o constitución corporal








well built

People and Physical Characteristics - Complexion (Color de piel)













People and Physical Characteristics - Facial Features on Men

Rostro masculino, características:
moustache = bigote

clean-shaven= rasurado , limpio

beard= barba

People and Physical Characteristics - Hair long
Largo del cabello y color


medium length

shoulder length






going gray

light brown








receding hairline

People and Physical Characteristics - Height average height


above average

below average