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miércoles, 23 de noviembre de 2011

La igualdad en inglès as...as


as...as from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

¿cuàl es el modelo de igualdad?
a) more than
b) -er than
c) the most
d) as..as



Para que estés seguro de tu respuesta observa cuatro formas para hablar de igualdad:


1) La primera es el modelo: as + adjective + as





Ejemplos:

Sandra is as pretty as Nancy.

1 2 3

Ahora te toca a ti, ordena las siguientes palabras para completar la frase:

1.stupid..as..as

He is not he looks.





He is not as stupid as he looks.



2.as.. as… white

You went a sheet when you saw the ghost.

You went as white as a sheet when you saw the ghost.



3.as… as.. optimistic

Oliver is Erick.

Oliver is as optimistic as Erick.



4. old.. as… as

Genaro looks her mother.

Genaro looks as old as her mother.





2) La segunda es el modelo: as + adverb + as





Ejemplos:

My car is as slowly as hers.

1 2 3

Ahora acomoda estos segmentos y forma oraciones:



1.as..as slowly

He doesn’t speak my grandmother.

He doesn’t speak as slowly as my grandmother.



2.as…as… quickly

He came he could.

He came as quicly as he could.





3.as…as…slowly

She spoke she could.

She spoke as slowly as she could.



4. fast …as… as

the blue car is the red car.

The blue car is as fast as the red car.



3) La tercera forma es es el modelo: as + much +uncountable noun + as





Ejemplos:

He drinks as much coffee as Phil does.

1 2 3 4

Ahora ordena las siguientes oraciones:



wine…as… as …much

I don`t drink you do.

R=I don`t drink as much wine as you do.





food… as… as…much

Juana eats Pedro.

R=Juana eats as much food as Pedro.





Luisa has...as much news as…Ana has heard

Ana has heard Pedro.



R=Ana has heard as much news as Luisa has.



successful…as …as…much

Enrique has had her sister has.

R=Enrique has had as much successful as her sister has.







4) La cuarta forma es es el modelo: as + many + countable noun + as





Ejemplos:

They have as many lemons as we do.

1 2 3 4

Ahora practica, acomoda las siguientes oraciones:



as… as… children… many

Your uncle has my sister has.

R=Your uncle has as many children as my sister has.



customers…as …many…as

I have you.

R=I have as many customers as you.



people…as… as…many

She knows I do.

R=She knows as many people as I do.



shoes… as…as…many

I have you have

R=I have as many shoes as you have.







Has aprendido cuatro modelos para hablar de igualdad.



Escucha la siguiente canción: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fdrfVrSM864&feature=related

¿A que modelo corresponde la frase de la canción: As long as you love me?



a) El modelo: as + adjective + as

b) El modelo: as + adverb + as

c) El modelo: as + much +uncountable noun + as

d) El modelo: as + many + countable noun + as



Si te ha costado te dirè que “long” es un adjetivo.









lunes, 21 de noviembre de 2011

EL SUPERLATIVO / tHE SUPERLATIVE


superlatives from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

¿Cómo se formula el adjetivo de grado superlativo?

R= Debes seguir las mismas reglas que para el grado comparativo, lo único que cambia el sufijo, el sufijo debes usar en este caso es el siguiente: –est, y tienes que colocar the antes del superlativo.
Observa:
a) Adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan en “consonante”
(cheap, clean, dark, light, long, neat, plain, short, slow, small, sweet)
Aagregar –est al adjetivo: cheap +est = cheapest
Long- longest
This is the longest river in the world.
b) Adjetivos de una sílaba formados por:
consonante(c ) + vocal(v)+ consonante (c)
( big, thin, fat, hot )
Repite la consonante final y añade -est.
Big+ g + est = Biggest
Hot hottest
This is the hottest day in the year.
c) Adjetivos de dos sílabas que terminan con “y”
(Happy, crazy, funny, lonely, lovely, lazy, noisy)
Elimina la “y”, y añade iest: pretty – y = prett + iest= prettiest
Juana is the prettiest girl in town.
Easy-the easiest
This was the easiest exam in this week.
Alfonso is the nicest teacher I have ever had.
e) Adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan en “e”
(nice, fine, loose)
Añade –r al adjetivo:
nice+ st= nicest
Alfonso is the nicest teacher I have ever had.
Nice- the nicest
f) Adjetivos de tres sílabas o más
Coloque “the most” antes del adjetivo
You are the most intelligent man in my city.
(capable, careful, decent, difficult, expensive, famous, important, jealous, modest, patient, popular, ridiculous, wonderful)
The most expensive
You are the most intelligent man in the city.
g) Algunos adjetivos irregulares
(bad, good, many, little, far)
Convierta el adjetivo al superlativo así:
Bad en worst, good en the best, many en the most, little en the least, far en furthest o farthest
y a old en oldest o eldest
Atenciòn:
a)oldest se usa para lugares
b)eldest se usa para personas
Sebastian is the eldest uncle in my alive family.
Good –the best
b) Para hacer la forma negativa del superlativo: coloca the least antes del adjetivo
This hotel is the least cheap in the city.
¡Ahora vas a practicar¡
Instrucción para el alumno: Añade –est a la palabra entre paréntesis y coloca el articulo “the” antes del sustantivo.Ejemplo:
My room is very dark, the living room is darker than my room but the kitchen is (dark) the darkest place in my house.
1) Aida is short, Sandra is shorter than Aida but Lucy is (short) the shortest of all.
2) This hotel is (cheap) the cheapest of all in the city.
3) It was (happy) the happiest day of my life.
4) Everest is (high) the highest mountain in the world.
Instrucción para el alumno: Añade the most antes de los adjetivos de tres sílabas
1) I had a great holiday. It was one of (enjoyable) the most enjoyable holidays I’ve ever had.
2) I prefer this chair to the other one. It`s (comfortable) the most comfortable chair in the classroom.
3) What is (popular) the most popular sport in your country?
Instrucción para el alumno: Añade el artículo” the” mas la forma irregular del adjetivo, best, worst, farthest.
1) This is (good) the best coffee I`ve ever tried.
2) It was an awful day. It was (bad) the worst day of my life.
3) Peter saw Guillermina in China (far) the farthest place he never thought to find her.
PARA EJERCICIOS ACUDIR A:
http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/single/compare2.htm

PARA MAS INFORMACION ACUDIR A:
http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/rules/comp.htm
http://www.eflnet.com/tutorials/adjcompsup.php
http://www.thefreedictionary.com/agree

EL COMPARATIVO/ tHE COMPARATIVE FORM


comparative & superlative from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.

comparatives from erhan ergenler on Vimeo.


En inglés para hacer comparaciones debes plantearte las siguientes preguntas:
¿El adjetivo a comparar es de una silaba? En caso de ser así ¿termina en vocal, consonante, en vocal seguida de una consonante?

¿Qué haces si el adjetivo a comparar es de dos sílabas o más?

¿Como se hacen las comparaciones negativas y como se estructuran?

Observa las respuestas:

1 ¿Cómo formar el comparativo de palabras de una silaba que terminan en consonante?

Ejemplos de adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan en “consonante”

cheap, clean, dark, light, long, neat, plain, short, slow, small, sweet

a) Como primer paso debes agregar –er al adjetivo: cheap +er = cheaper

b) En segundo lugar debes colocar than después del adjetivo: This toy is cheaper than yours.

c) Para la negación tienes que colocar not as antes del adjetivo: This toy is not as cheap as yours.

¡Ahora vas a practicar¡

Instrucción para el alumno: Añade –er a la palabra entre paréntesis

Manuel is a short man but his brother is (short) shorter than him, but his father is not as short as him.

My room is very dark but the living room is (dark) darker than the Monster’s house.

Instrucción para el usuario: Añade than después del adjetivo

This computer is slower than a turtle I need a faster one.

My dessert is sweeter than I expected, I don’t want it.
Ejercicio:

Instrucción para el usuario: En la negación use not as antes del adjetivo

This office is darker than my bedroom, but your office is not as dark as this one.

Your desk is very clean but his desk is not as clean as yours.

2 ¿Cómo formar el comparativo con adjetivos de una silaba que terminan en “e”?

Ejemplos de adjetivos de una sílaba que terminan con “e”

nice, fine, loose

Sigue los pasos a continuación:

a) Añade –r, al adjetivo: nice + er= nicer

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: This day is nicer than yesterday.

b) Para formar la negación escribe not as antes del adjetivo: This day is not as nice as yesterday.

Es necesario que practiques, haz lo que se te indica

Instrucción para el usuario: Transforma el adjetivo al grado comparativo

My boss is (nice) nicer than yours.

This old dress is (loose) looser than the new one.

This wine is (fine) finer than the one we drank yesterday.

Instrucción para el usuario: Añade than después del adjetivo

The seller was nicer than usual, I was surprised.

These new jeans are finer than yours.

I need some clothes looser than the ones I have.

Instrucción para el usuario: Coloca la negación not as antes del adjetivo

My new dress is not as loose as Patty’s.

You are not as nice as Robert.

My wine is not as fine as yours.

3) ¿Cómo formar el comparativo de adjetivos de una silaba que se forman con consonante + vocal + consonante?

Adjetivos de una sílaba formados por:

consonante(c ) + vocal(v)+ consonante (c)

big, thin, fat, hot

cvc, cvc, cvc, cvc

Sigue los pasos a continuación:

A) Repite la consonante final y añada -er. Big+ g + er = Bigger

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: Bigger than

c) En la comparación negativa coloca not as antes del adjetivo

¡Ahora te toca practicar!

Instrucción para el alumno: Repite la consonante y agrega –er al adjetivo entre paréntesis.

Javier is a big guy, but Daniel is (big) bigger than him. I am thin but my sister is (thin) thinner than me. My boyfriend is fat but his father is (fat) fatter than him. I am here thinking is all these crazy things it could be, because of the weather, today is (hot)hotter than yesterday and my brain works better when it is quite warm, I hope the winter doesn’t arrive, if it arrives my brain will sleep.
Instrucción para el usuario: Para la forma negativa agrega not as, antes del adjetivo
Sandra is bigger than Dora, but Dora is not as big as her mother.
You are not as fast as me.
Fortín de las Flores is not as hot as Tierra Blanca.

4) ¿Cómo formar el comparativo de adjetivos de dos silabas que terminan en –y?

Adjetivos de dos sílabas que terminan con “y”

happy, crazy, funny, lonely, lovely, lazy, noisy
Para que lo logres debes hacer lo siguiente:

a) Elimina la “y”, y añade ier: pretty – y = prett + ier = prettier

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: prettier than

c) Para una comparación negativa, escribe “not as” antes del adjetivo: She is not as pretty as me.

Ahora vas a practicar, has lo que se te pide.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Quita la -y de las siguientes palabras y agrega –ier para formar el adjetivo.

I have met a crazy guy in the bus station. He has a brother (crazy) crazier than him and both were noisier than an stadium. He is (funny) funnier than a clown, he made me laugh a lot. He asked me why I felt (lone)lonelier than a homeless , and I said that I had lost my best friend in a car accident, then he hold me in his arms , and thought that he is (lovely) lovelier than other people around.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Agrega not as antes del adjetivo para formar la negación

I am not as happy as you.

He is not as lovely as you.

My sister is not as lovely as my brother.

Students in the countriysides are not as lazy as in the city.

5¿Cómo formar el comparativo de adjetivos de dos silabas que son caso especiales?

Adjetivos de dos sílabas y que son casos especiales:

able, cruel, gente, narrow, quiet, simple
Sigue los pasos a continuación:

a) Añadae –er : able +er = crueler

b) Coloca than después del adjetivo: crueler than

b) En la negación escribe not as antes del adjetivo: He is not as cruel as you are.
Instrucciones para el usuario:

Convierte los adjetivos entre paréntesis al grado comparativo.
A hard man
There was a man in a little town, he was (cruel) crueler than a dictator. He wanted that everybody was unconditional to his negative ideas, he loved destroying people´s reputation indeed he loved lies war and ambition. The streets near his house were (narrow) narrower than streets in downtown and when he walked near his house it became (quiet) quieter than a cemetery, nobody wanted to see him. And one day, suddenly he wanted to change his mind because everybody refused him then he tried to be (gentle) gentler than before he also thought that it was neccesary to scape before justice arrive, but it was late, people put him a jail.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Agrega not as antes del adjetivo para formar la negación.
Monserrat likes hurt animals but Luisa is not as cruel as she is, Luisa loves them.
Luisa is not as quiet as his boyfriend who doesn`t say a word when people hurts dogs or cats. She likes taking care of living beings, his boyfriend is not as gentle as she wanted he was.
6 ¿Cómo formar el grado comparativo en adjetivos de dos, tres silabas o más que nos son casos especiales?

Adjetivos de tres sílabas o más
capable, careful, decent, difficult, expensive, famous, important, jealous, modest, patient, popular, ridiculous, wonderful
Debes hacer lo siguiente:
a) Utiliza el modelo: more +adjetivo + than

This house is more expensive than mine.

b) En una comparación negativa use not as “o” less antes del adjetivo:

not as + adjetivo + as

This house is not as expensive as mine.

less+ adjetivo+ than

This house is less expensive than mine.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Coloca more y than en los espacios en blanco, primero more y luego than para que aprendas la estructura.

My doctor is more patient than his partners.

Mary’s new car is more expensive than mine.

Coatepec is more famous than Xico.

Your boyfriend is more jealous than mine.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Coloque “not as” antes del adjetivo

Paquita la del barrio is not as popular as Gloria Trevi

Xico is not as important as Xalapa.

Ahora coloca “ less” en los espacios en blanco

My doctor is less patient than his partners.

This exam is less difficult than the last one.

7¿Como formar el grado comparativo para los adjetivos que tienen formas irregulares?
Adjetivos que tienen formas irregulares
bad, good, little, many
Pasos que debes seguir:

a) Convierte a bad en worse, a good en better,a little en less, many en more y enseguida agrega than

b) Para formar la negación de estos adjetivos utiliza para bad su negación es: not as bad, en good= not as good, en many= not as many , en little la negación es not as much.

Instrucciones para el usuario: Coloca worse,better, many, less y not as para formar la negación.

Sara thinks that cleaning a house is bad for his health.

She thinks that cleaning a hospital is worse than working at home.

She thinks that taking care of children is not as bad as working in a school.

My husband loves baking good cakes.

My mother´s cake is better than the ones he prepares.

The cakes I prepare are not as good as my husband’s.

Luis is a dreamer, he has many books of poetry in his desk.

Lidia has more books of poetry than Luis.

But I have not as many books of poetry as Lidia and Luis.
Hector likes little sugar in his coffee.

Fernando likes less sugar in his coffee than Hector.

I like not as much sugar as they do.



Ejercicios que pueden realizar , les comparto una página que encontré en la red donde practicar este tema:



http://esl.fis.edu/grammar/single/compare1.htm

miércoles, 9 de noviembre de 2011

adjectives

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJdUXSMi1lo

Subido por ESLToronto en 19/12/2007




http://esltornto.net for more

Schoolhouse Rock - Grammar Rock



Unpack Your Adjectives







Music & Lyrics: George R. Newall

Sung by: Blossom Dearie

Animation: Phil Kimmelman and Associates



Got home from camping last spring.

Saw people, places and things.

We barely had arrived,

Friends asked us to describe

The people, places and every last thing.

So we unpacked our adjectives.



I unpacked "frustrating" first.

Reached in and found the word "worst".

Then I picked "soggy" and

Next I picked "foggy" and

Then I was ready to tell them my tale.

'Cause I'd unpacked my adjectives.



Adjectives are words you use to really describe things,

Handy words to carry around.

Days are sunny or they're rainy

Boys are dumb or else they're brainy

Adjectives can show you which way.



Adjectives are often used to help us compare things,

To say how thin, how fat, how short, how tall.

Girls who are tall can get taller,

Boys who are small can get smaller,

Till one is the tallest

And the other's the smallest of all.



We hiked along without care.

Then we ran into a bear.

He was a hairy bear,

He was a scary bear,

We beat a hasty retreat from his lair.

And described him with adjectives.



}} {Whoah! Boy, that was one big, ugly bear!}



{You can even make adjectives out of the other parts of speech, like

verbs or nouns. All you have to do is tack on an ending, like "ic"

or "ish" or "ary". For example, this boy can grow up to be a huge

man, but still have a boyish face. "Boy" is a noun, but the ending

"ish" makes it an adjective. "Boyish": that describes the huge

man's face. Get it?}



Next time you go on a trip,

Remember this little tip:

The minute you get back,

They'll ask you this and that,

You can describe people, places and things...

Simply unpack your adjectives.

You can do it with adjectives.

Tell them 'bout it with adjectives.

You can shout it with adjectives.



Categoría:

Educación



Etiquetas:

EnglishasSecondLanguageVideosESLvideogrammarlearnenglishadjectives

Licencia:

Licencia estándar de YouTube



Como formar adjetivosTransforma los siguientes verbos en adjetivos


-ABLE able, can do capaz de, poder hacer

Example: agree = agreeable

expand ____expandable

laugh ______ laughable

-IBLE able, can do capaz de, poder hacer

Example: access = accessible

sense ____sensible

flex _____flexible

-ANT performing agent que tiene la función de

Example: please = pleasant

ignore ____ ignorant

resist _____ resistant

-ENT performing agent que tiene la función de

Example: excel = excellent

depend _____ dependent

differ ______ different

-IVE causing effect que causa el efecto de

Example: attract = attractive

create ____ creative

select _____selective

-ING causing effect que causa el efecto de

Example: amuse= amusing

excite _____ exciting

surprise ______surprising

-ED receiving effect que recibe el efecto de

Example: amuse = amused

excite ______ excited

surprise _____surprised

Transforma los siguientes sustantivos en adjetivos

-AL relating to relacionado con

Examples: accident = accidental, brute = brutal

region _____regional

universe _____universal

person ______ personal

-ARY relating to quality or place relacionado a la cualidad o al lugar

Example: moment = momentary

honor ____ honorary

diet ______ dietary

-FUL full of lleno de

Example: beauty = beautiful, awe = awful

wonder _____ wonderful

skill _____ skillful

success _____successful

-IC having the nature of; caused by que tiene la naturaleza de ;causado por

Examples: athlete = athletic, base= basic, history = historic

photograph _______photographic

science ________ scientific

-ICAL having the nature of que tiene la naturaleza de

Examples: logic = logical, practice = practical

magic ____magical

history _____historical

statistic ____statistical

-ISH origin, nature origen, naturaleza

Example: fool = foolish

child ___ childish

self ____ selfish

-LESS without sin

Example: power = powerless

friend ____ friendless

home ____ homeless

-LIKE like parecido a ,similar a

Example: lady = ladylike

child ____ childlike

bird ___ birdlike



-LY like parecido a ,similar a

Example: day = daily

friend ____ friendly

month ____ monthly

-OUS quality, nature de calidad, de naturaleza

Example: danger = dangerous, victory = victorious

nerve _____ nervous

mystery_____ mysterious

-Y like que tiene la cualidad de, o una cualidad parecida a

Example: rain = rainy, fun= funny

dirt ___dirty

mess ____messy

-er

-est


1.- Se forman al romper la doble consonante dentro de una palabra
lit-tle, pret-ty

2.- Se debe aplicar la regla para adjetivos monosìlabos cuando se añade un sufijo
fun--una sìlaba
vcc
funny

3.- Hay que aplicar la regla de las monosílabas cuando se añada el sufijo -er/ -est a los adjetivos monosilabos

small-er/small-est ( doble consonante--ll--)

clean-er/ clean-est(diptongo--ea--)

My house is big-ger than yours.........My school is the big-gest.

4.- Los prefijos forman una sìlaba
in..(.de significado opuesto ) innumerable
in..(como parte de una acciòn) insurance
un..(de significado opuesto) uncomfortable/unfair

5.-Sufijos que forman una sìlaba.
-y.. hair-y, cloud-y ---abundante en...hairy de cabello abundante, cloudy nublado(dià con nubes abundantes)
 sufijos en español :-oso/osa/udo/ado--- baboso, testarudo, alocado.

-ous...dangerous(peligroso), -ous que se caracteriza por
terminaciones en español-oso, osa

-ful...wonderful(maravilloso), -ful lleno de
sufijos es español: oso, osa

-ly... friendly(amigable)  -ly cualidad de
sufijos en español-oso, osa,able

-ing...interesting (interesante) -ing cualidad de
sufijos en español -ante

-en...golden(dorado) -en, los adjetivos que finalizan con -en, denotan sustancia, o apariencia
sufijos en español -ado, ada

6.- Algunas reglas ùtiles

a) si la palabra terminan en doble consonante, añada -er

    small + er = smaller

b) si la palaba termina en -e, añada una -r.

    close + r = closer
    nice + r = nicer

c) si la palabra termina en -y, y esta antecede a una consonante, cambie la -y, por una-i y añada-er.

    pretty = prett - yi + er = prettier