miércoles, 9 de noviembre de 2011

adjectives

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJdUXSMi1lo

Subido por ESLToronto en 19/12/2007




http://esltornto.net for more

Schoolhouse Rock - Grammar Rock



Unpack Your Adjectives







Music & Lyrics: George R. Newall

Sung by: Blossom Dearie

Animation: Phil Kimmelman and Associates



Got home from camping last spring.

Saw people, places and things.

We barely had arrived,

Friends asked us to describe

The people, places and every last thing.

So we unpacked our adjectives.



I unpacked "frustrating" first.

Reached in and found the word "worst".

Then I picked "soggy" and

Next I picked "foggy" and

Then I was ready to tell them my tale.

'Cause I'd unpacked my adjectives.



Adjectives are words you use to really describe things,

Handy words to carry around.

Days are sunny or they're rainy

Boys are dumb or else they're brainy

Adjectives can show you which way.



Adjectives are often used to help us compare things,

To say how thin, how fat, how short, how tall.

Girls who are tall can get taller,

Boys who are small can get smaller,

Till one is the tallest

And the other's the smallest of all.



We hiked along without care.

Then we ran into a bear.

He was a hairy bear,

He was a scary bear,

We beat a hasty retreat from his lair.

And described him with adjectives.



}} {Whoah! Boy, that was one big, ugly bear!}



{You can even make adjectives out of the other parts of speech, like

verbs or nouns. All you have to do is tack on an ending, like "ic"

or "ish" or "ary". For example, this boy can grow up to be a huge

man, but still have a boyish face. "Boy" is a noun, but the ending

"ish" makes it an adjective. "Boyish": that describes the huge

man's face. Get it?}



Next time you go on a trip,

Remember this little tip:

The minute you get back,

They'll ask you this and that,

You can describe people, places and things...

Simply unpack your adjectives.

You can do it with adjectives.

Tell them 'bout it with adjectives.

You can shout it with adjectives.



Categoría:

Educación



Etiquetas:

EnglishasSecondLanguageVideosESLvideogrammarlearnenglishadjectives

Licencia:

Licencia estándar de YouTube



Como formar adjetivosTransforma los siguientes verbos en adjetivos


-ABLE able, can do capaz de, poder hacer

Example: agree = agreeable

expand ____expandable

laugh ______ laughable

-IBLE able, can do capaz de, poder hacer

Example: access = accessible

sense ____sensible

flex _____flexible

-ANT performing agent que tiene la función de

Example: please = pleasant

ignore ____ ignorant

resist _____ resistant

-ENT performing agent que tiene la función de

Example: excel = excellent

depend _____ dependent

differ ______ different

-IVE causing effect que causa el efecto de

Example: attract = attractive

create ____ creative

select _____selective

-ING causing effect que causa el efecto de

Example: amuse= amusing

excite _____ exciting

surprise ______surprising

-ED receiving effect que recibe el efecto de

Example: amuse = amused

excite ______ excited

surprise _____surprised

Transforma los siguientes sustantivos en adjetivos

-AL relating to relacionado con

Examples: accident = accidental, brute = brutal

region _____regional

universe _____universal

person ______ personal

-ARY relating to quality or place relacionado a la cualidad o al lugar

Example: moment = momentary

honor ____ honorary

diet ______ dietary

-FUL full of lleno de

Example: beauty = beautiful, awe = awful

wonder _____ wonderful

skill _____ skillful

success _____successful

-IC having the nature of; caused by que tiene la naturaleza de ;causado por

Examples: athlete = athletic, base= basic, history = historic

photograph _______photographic

science ________ scientific

-ICAL having the nature of que tiene la naturaleza de

Examples: logic = logical, practice = practical

magic ____magical

history _____historical

statistic ____statistical

-ISH origin, nature origen, naturaleza

Example: fool = foolish

child ___ childish

self ____ selfish

-LESS without sin

Example: power = powerless

friend ____ friendless

home ____ homeless

-LIKE like parecido a ,similar a

Example: lady = ladylike

child ____ childlike

bird ___ birdlike



-LY like parecido a ,similar a

Example: day = daily

friend ____ friendly

month ____ monthly

-OUS quality, nature de calidad, de naturaleza

Example: danger = dangerous, victory = victorious

nerve _____ nervous

mystery_____ mysterious

-Y like que tiene la cualidad de, o una cualidad parecida a

Example: rain = rainy, fun= funny

dirt ___dirty

mess ____messy

-er

-est


1.- Se forman al romper la doble consonante dentro de una palabra
lit-tle, pret-ty

2.- Se debe aplicar la regla para adjetivos monosìlabos cuando se añade un sufijo
fun--una sìlaba
vcc
funny

3.- Hay que aplicar la regla de las monosílabas cuando se añada el sufijo -er/ -est a los adjetivos monosilabos

small-er/small-est ( doble consonante--ll--)

clean-er/ clean-est(diptongo--ea--)

My house is big-ger than yours.........My school is the big-gest.

4.- Los prefijos forman una sìlaba
in..(.de significado opuesto ) innumerable
in..(como parte de una acciòn) insurance
un..(de significado opuesto) uncomfortable/unfair

5.-Sufijos que forman una sìlaba.
-y.. hair-y, cloud-y ---abundante en...hairy de cabello abundante, cloudy nublado(dià con nubes abundantes)
 sufijos en español :-oso/osa/udo/ado--- baboso, testarudo, alocado.

-ous...dangerous(peligroso), -ous que se caracteriza por
terminaciones en español-oso, osa

-ful...wonderful(maravilloso), -ful lleno de
sufijos es español: oso, osa

-ly... friendly(amigable)  -ly cualidad de
sufijos en español-oso, osa,able

-ing...interesting (interesante) -ing cualidad de
sufijos en español -ante

-en...golden(dorado) -en, los adjetivos que finalizan con -en, denotan sustancia, o apariencia
sufijos en español -ado, ada

6.- Algunas reglas ùtiles

a) si la palabra terminan en doble consonante, añada -er

    small + er = smaller

b) si la palaba termina en -e, añada una -r.

    close + r = closer
    nice + r = nicer

c) si la palabra termina en -y, y esta antecede a una consonante, cambie la -y, por una-i y añada-er.

    pretty = prett - yi + er = prettier